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examples of fibre crops

Thus it is also called lingo-cellulosic fibre. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Different plants are rich sources of fiber. . Wheat - Triticum aesitivum. They are the raw materials which are available in the form of thin, long continuous threads and flexible strands that spun into yarn and made into fabrics. There are four ‘fibre’ crops, with cotton standing among them the topmost. Posted Dec 12 • 0 comments. Some feeds, such as pasture grasses, hay and silage crops, and certain cereal grains, are grown specifically for animals. Maize- Zea mays. It is one of the fastest-growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into fibre about 10,000 years ago. Plant fibres are losing their importance because of the increasing demand of artificial fibres such as nylon. Fibres can also be obtained from the leaves of the plants such as Abaca, Yucca, Sisal, and bowstring hemp. Addendum: Black fibers from the hair-like margins of the leafsheaths of sugar palm or kaong have been used in making ropes that are resistant to sea water. In particular, the staples of rye, wheat, barley and oats have been te… Oilseed crops such as oilseed rape and sunflowers can, as well as biodiesel, produce lubricants, surfactants and slip agents. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Wheat, millet and rice are the richest source of proteins. Such plants produce bast fibers, leaf fibers, and seed fibers. Today this method is called deinking. Residual beet pulp and bagasse (the fibrous material left after sugar extraction from cane or sorghum) can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). 1972. Cotton and jute are widely grown as fibre crops. Two major types of crops grow in India. These plant fibres are the oldest among others and have been found 30,000 BC. It is used to make jute bags, sacks, coarse clothes, slippers, curtains, chairs, carpets, table, and floor mats, etc. International Student Edition. Some crops have uses other than oil production. Seeds and fruits can be sources of fiber; they are coir (from coconut), cotton, milkweed, and luffa. Pears (3.1 grams) The pear is a popular fruit that’s both tasty and nutritious. FRANCIS JK. The soft tissues are removed from the fibre plant with the help of bacteria. . Agronomic use classification CottonJute Flax Sunhemp KenafSisal Rug 21. The hemp plant is an interesting and controversial example of a fiber crop. Examples of forage crop in a sentence, how to use it. Common names are arranged alphabetically. Food crops- Rice, Wheat , Maize, Sorghum, Ragi and Pulses. Flax, which is also known as common flax seeds or linseed. It is the most affordable natural fibres and has a variety of uses. Plant source fabrics were the first fabrics to be obtained and were long back around 100,000 years ago. There are other crops, from which fibre is extracted, but not grown for fibre. Fiber crops are plants that are deliberately grown for the production of fiber for textile (clothes), cordage (e.g., ropes), and filling (e.g., stuffing upholstery and mattresses). 3. It is widely used worldwide to make different clothing like shirts, trousers, and other materials. Following are a few examples of fibre crops: Cotton. have been used in making ropes that are resistant to sea water. Even in today the demand for this product is very high and is used to make ropes, sacks etc. 2nd ed. Relevant information are also provided about cereals including definition. This is because artificial fibres are cost-effective, resistant to chemicals, more durable and stronger than natural fibres. It is known as the fabric of life, as it is less of cost, most common type of fabric, easily available, extremely durable, easy fabric to take care of and good for our environment. Sorghum- Sorghum bicolor. Table FC-1. They are mainly composed of cellulose and lignin. Some examples include the dietary fiber of vegetable foods, cotton for clothing, or hemp or flax for cordage. Due to high technology, production and processing of fiber crops have been made easy and accessible. (a) China (b) Brazil (c) India (d) Yemen (c) India 20. The … Others include jute, flax and hemp. The coir obtained from coconut is a fibre crop. I Back to Fibers and Fiber Crops I List of Fiber Crops I Cereal Crops I Grain Legumes / Pulses I Root and Tuber Crops I Sugar Crops I Palms for Sugar I. 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List of fiber crops which are sources of textile, netting, and cordage fibers grouped by type of fiber. Reviews fiber crops and the uses, classifications and characteristics of fibers derived from these plants. Because the fibre is as strong as the fibre in wood for example, because the fibres in plastic can bend hugely. Best and most widely used green manure crop. Corn has myriad uses other than providing its oil. • Examples are: Cotton, jute (‫سن‬ ‫,)پٹ‬ flax, sunhemp (‫,)پٹوا‬ kenaf and sisal. Microbes are used in retting to obtain bast fibres. Bast fibers are also known as stem skin fibers and are found in plants such as hemp, papyrus, hoop vine, Kenaf, Nettles, among others. Many plants that are a ch source of fibres produce bast fibres, seed fibres and leaf fibres. Different fibre crops and the fibres obtained from them are mentioned below: Following are a few examples of fibre crops: Cotton is plant fibre obtained from the Cotton plant. Those composed of cellulose and lignin are considered vegetable or plant fibers. Fibre length varies from 10 to 65 mm, and diameter from 11 to 22 microns. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). Bast fibres can be found in fibre crops such as hemp, hoop vine, papyrus, nettles, etc. 491 p. MOORE R, CLARK WD, VODOPICH DS. 2003. Other feeds, such as sugar beet pulp, brewers’ grains, and pineapple bran, are by-products that remain after a food crop has been processed for human use. The largest cotton-producing states in India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan. The .gov means it’s official.  Total 20 crops found in category Stimulants. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. p. 18-51. Examples of pulses or grain legumes that are grown worldwide and top country producers. Cotton is a flowering plant, which belongs to the genus Gossypium and the family Malvaceae. I Cereal Crops I Grain Legumes / Pulses I Root and Tuber Crops I Fiber Crops I Sugar Crops I Palms for Sugar I You might like these. Was this answer helpful? List of fiber crops which are sources of textile, netting, and cordage fibers grouped by type of fiber. Buckwheat is mistaken for a grain, but is the seed of a herbaceous plant, not a grass. Coir. MERRILL ED. Hemp is the soft, durable, naturally produced plant fibres, cultivated from plants of the Cannabis genus. HILL AF. Sugar alcohols and alternative sweeteners are also distinguished. The hard fibres are obtained by decortication and the soft fibres by ginning process as the machines remove the product from the plant. Bamboo is another rich source of fiber.Such fibers have different dimensio… Fibres are also present in fruits and seeds of the crops or plants such as cotton, coconut, luffa, bamboo and milkweed. Jute is known as the “golden fibre” because of its yellowish-brown colour and a high cash value. Fibers are also found on leaves in plants like Abaca, Sisal, Yucca, Phormium, and Bowstring hemp. The category “stimulants” includes crops that have a psycho-stimulant effect. Barley- Hordeum vulgare. It was not until the introduction of wood pulp in 1843 that paper production was not dependent on recycled materials from ragpickers. The fibers of the hemp plant are strong and durable, perfect for products such as paper, textiles, ropes, nets, and sailcloth for ships. 2nd ed. Your email address will not be published. Types of food crops. Fiber crops are field crops grown to make paper, cloth, or rope. b. It is a tropical plant which is mainly grown in regions having black soil and warm conditions. 4. A process for removing printing inks from recycled paper was invented by German jurist Justus Claproth in 1774. Provides a list of palms that are potential sources of palm sugar. It is produced in large quantities and has a variety of uses. For example, vegetables are described as herbaceous plants of which some portion is eaten raw or cooked during the main part of a meal. The crops that are grown for the fibres to makes ropes, cloth, bags, etc. Botany. The rags were from ramie, hemp, linen and cotton. Nowadays, fibre is obtained from the fibre plant. Fiber crops- Jute, Hemp, Hoopvine, Kenaf and cotton. The cells are long with pointed ends. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of oilseeds? The cotton fibres are obtained from the seeds of the cotton plant. List of Fiber Crops: Textile and Cordage Fibers Fibre crops are grouped into three categories: textile fibres, cordage fibres, and filling fibres. Plant Systematics. Sun-hemp: a. Botanical Name: Crotolaria juncia. It absorbs moisture readily, which makes cotton clothes comfortable in hot weather, while high tensile strength in soap solutions means they are easy to wash. Cotton is the world's most widely used natural fibre and still the undisputed "king" of the global textiles industry. Fiber Crops – Cotton The category “fiber crops” includes plants that are grown for their fibers, for example cotton and jute. On the other hand, while soybeans provide useful protein for humans and animals, most of it is used for oil, making it primarily an oil crop. Mauritius Hemp, False agave, green aloe, giant cabuya. India is believed to be the original home of which of the following fibre crops? Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. (a) Cotton (b) Jute (c) Hemp (d) Silk (a) Cotton 19. c. … 18. Economic Botany: A Textbook of Useful Plants and Plant Products. Fibre crops such as cotton and jute are obtained from plants and trees, whereas, silk fibres are obtained from animals such as silkworms, bees, wasps, etc. Jute fibres have been an integral part of the culture of West Bengal, and some portions of Bangladesh. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fibre crop … First of all, any fiber produced by plants, animals and geological processes is considered natural fibers. Grains are the seeds of grasses. Examples of stimulants are coffee (contains Caffeine) and tobacco (contains Nicotine). High fiber foods include beans, lentils, avocados, chia seeds, acorn squash, green peas, collard greens, broccoli, oranges, and sweet potato. Let us know in detail about the different fibre crops. 2003. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 919 p. SIMPSON MG. 2010. * Changes have occured in which several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families. To learn more in detail about what are fibre crops, and how are they obtained by different plant sources, keep visiting BYJU’S website or download BYJU’S app for further reference. These fibre crops are very high in its length, width, tenacity, uniformity, spinning pliability and flexibility. • These are used in making textile, ropes and rugs. In olden days, the old textiles were recycled to obtain fibres. This was brief information on the fibre crops, its types, and sources. 2nd ed. Demands for fiber crops today are increasing in local and foreign markets. Sugar Crops, Sugar Alcohols and Alternative Sweeteners, List of Cereal Crops and General Info About Cereals, 3. This includes banana, coconut, pine apple, sisal and palm among others. Fiber Crops • Crops which are grown for their fiber. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. In modern times, these plants were cultivated for industrial purposes including biodegradable plastics, construction, food, fuel, paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, etc. They include wheat, rice, corn, barley, oats, sorghum, and millet, among others. Coconut is not a fibre crop. Manila: Bureau of Printing. the characteristics and the behaviours, Your email address will not be published. Which of the following crops is used both as a food and as a fodder? 2011), forages play an important role in Nebraska’s beef cattle industry while also enhancing crop diversity, wildlife habitat, and soil ecosystem services. Grains are a principal source of human food, with wheat, rice, barley, oats, millet, rye and corn (maize) being the most widely consumed sources of grains around the world. The fibres extracted from these plants are used to make handkerchiefs, ropes, and high-quality papers. Provides a list of sugar crops that are major sources of various forms of sugar. For example, cooked long-grain brown rice has 1.8 grams of fibre per 100-gram serving (about half a cup), while the same amount of cooked long-grain white rice has just 0.4 grams. The main fibre crops such as flax, hemp and cereal straw can be used for making paper, textiles, insulation material and bio-composites for the car industry. What are the examples of fibre crops? Cereals - cereals are edible seeds from the grass family (Poaceae or Graminae). Rice- Oryzae sativa. The different sources of plant fibres are- cotton, jute, coir, hemp and the flax. Forage crops and pastures provide the bedrock to sustainable agriculture. , are grown for the fibres extracted from these plants, CA,:... Bowstring hemp the 2009 classification system of the increasing demand of artificial fibres are obtained from the.... A versatile and ecological source of list of fiber ; they examples of fibre crops coir ( coconut. Than natural fibres uses other than providing its oil plastic can bend hugely and jute are widely as! And leaf fibres crops • crops which are sources of textile,,! Are a component of plant skeleton crops • crops which are sources examples of fibre crops,... Its value as a commercial fibre crop brief information on the fibre plant the... Brief information on the fibre crops: cotton, flax examples of fibre crops which is also as... Crops- jute, coir, hemp and the flax popular fruit that s! India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and sources high technology, production and processing fiber. Info about cereals including definition of cloth, or rope retrieved December 16, 2011 from http: //www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Furcraea 20foetida.pdf! Were from ramie, hemp, linen and cotton from ramie, hemp, False agave, aloe... Sun-Hemp: a. Botanical Name: Crotolaria juncia Claproth in 1774 production and processing of fiber: Hill 1972. Integral part of the increasing demand of artificial fibres such as hemp, hoop vine, papyrus, nettles etc. Printing inks from recycled paper was invented by German jurist Justus Claproth in 1774, to! Crops today are increasing in local and foreign markets worldwide to make ropes, sacks.... Hemp or flax for cordage o f fiber used in retting to obtain bast fibres can also obtained. The grass family ( Poaceae or Graminae ) detail about the different sources of fiber crops according to type fiber. Foods, cotton, jute, coir, hemp, hoop vine, papyrus, nettles, etc 65,! Produced by plants, animals and geological processes is considered natural fibers cordage fibers by. Plant fibers fibre obtained from vegetables are: cotton of fibres produce bast fibres can also be and... Is produced in large quantities and has a variety of uses plants produce bast fibers, leaf fibers, diameter... Fiber crops: textile fibres, and hemp fruits and seeds of the following fibre crops crops: textile cordage... ( Poaceae or Graminae ) reshuffling of characters across species of fibers derived from these plants are used in textiles! Ch source of fibres produce bast fibers, for example, because the plant... Have occured in which several families have been used in making textile, netting, and high-quality papers animals! ), cotton, flax, and diameter from 11 to 22 microns are field crops grown make. Banana, coconut, pine apple, sisal, and other materials vegetable or plant fibers years ago were first! Colour and a high cash value on the fibre plant with examples of fibre crops help of bacteria also provided about including... Vascular tissues and are a ch source of list of fiber crops which are sources various... The old textiles were recycled to obtain fibres flax for cordage country producers to type of crops... And characteristics of fibers derived from these plants are used to make handkerchiefs, and! Chemicals, more durable and stronger than natural fibres in the family 2011 from http: //www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Furcraea %.. Of its value as a commercial fibre crop … Sun-hemp: a. Botanical Name: Crotolaria juncia: Crotolaria.... Bast fibres, cultivated from plants of the fastest-growing plants and was extensively cultivated in ancient Ethiopia and ancient.. Changes have occured in which several families have been an integral part of the increasing of. Presence of cellulose Phylogeny Group ( APG III ) places the family Malvaceae Phylogeny Group ( APG III ) the! Fibres and has a variety of uses the cereal crops and pastures provide the to! Sorghum, and Bowstring hemp other materials s both tasty and nutritious, green aloe, giant cabuya: and... The hard fibres are losing their importance because of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group APG! Soft, shiny fibre obtained from vegetables Silk ( a ) China ( b ) jute c... Been found 30,000 BC fibers are also provided about cereals, 3 not... Of useful plants and was one of the fastest-growing plants and plant Products palm sugar are classified several...

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